Prostate gland is situated in the front of the rectum and is directly under the bladder. Urethra is the tract through which urine passes out of the body. Urethra passes through prostate. Prostate is approximately the size of a walnut. Prostate muscle fibers act as a control to the urine passing through the urethra. These fibers release urine when urge for urination is felt as a result of fullness of the bladder. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is produced by epithelial cells in the prostate. Liquid state of the semen is maintained by the presence of prostate significant antigens (PSA) in it. Higher PSA level in blood may indicate presence of prostate cancer.
പ്രോസ്റ്റേറ്റ് കാന്സറിനെ തിരിച്ചറിഞ്ഞാല് 40 ശതമാനവും ഭേദമാക്കാം. ഇന്നു തന്നെ പ്രോസ്റ്റേറ്റ് കാന്സർ സ്ക്രീനിങ്ങിനു വിധേയനാകുക
Prostate cancer starts in the prostate gland cells called adenocarcinoma and this is a slow growing cancer. It is a fact that many persons die of old age without even knowing that they had prostate cancer. Studies show that 80 % of men in their eighties had prostate cancer when they died and they did never know that.
Classification of prostate cancer
Knowing the stage of prostate cancer will help your physician to decide the most suitable treatment option for a patient. The most common system now used to know the stage of the prostate cancer is TNM (Tumor/Nodes/metastases). While using TNM system it is important to know whether the cancer is confined to the prostrate alone or whether it has spread to lymph nodes or organs etc. CT or MRI scans can find out whether the prostate cancer has spread inside the pelvis, bone scans can find out whether the cancer has spread to bones .
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Early stages of prostate cancer do not show any symptoms. But in the later stages this cancer may show one or more of the following symptoms.
Patients find it difficult to start urinating. He may also find difficulty to continue urinating.
Urination and ejaculation becomes painful.
Difficulty in achieving and maintaining erection
Surgical procedure for removing prostate cancer
Surgical removal or Radiotherapy can be used for the treatment of early prostate cancer with curative intent. While hormone treatment is an option for control of the desease. Though open surgical procedure was followed in earlier days. Now a minimally invasive surgical procedure called laparoscopic procedure is followed by most surgeons to remove the cancerous prostate gland. For detailed discription of Laparoscopic Radical prosatectomy, see earlier under laparoscopic procedures.