Treatment for spine fracture begins with opting methods to prevent further deformities. It basically involves managing and stabilizing pain. The different methods opted are:
Properly prescribed medications help to relieve overall bone and nerve pain. Preferred medicines are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen. Nerve related pain is sometimes treated using certain antidepressants.
Chronic pain and bone loss can be controlled by proper bed rest. However, short-term rest is preferred. Prolonged rest can worsen the health conditions.
The motion of the fractured part of the spine can be limited using a back brace. Braces help to relieve symptoms of spine fracture. However, excessive use of braces can cause weak muscles and further bone loss. Therefore, braces should be carefully used under the supervision of a doctor.
Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. During surgery, a hollow needle is used to inject bone cement into the fractured part. Compression fractures are mainly corrected with vertebroplasty.
Kyphoplasty surgery, also aims to treat compressed fractures. In this procedure, initially the fractured vertebrae is expanded. This is done by inserting a balloon and then inflating it. Afterwards, the empty place is then filled with bone cement. Being less invasive, this method is greatly used.
Spinal fusion surgery
Spinal fusion is a common procedure used to correct unstable fractures. This method involves combining the two fractured vertebrae of the spine into a single piece. The fusion is done with the help of a bone graft. Graft along with vertebrae is held in fixed position by components such as rods, screws, or plates. Recovery, generally, requires several months.