kidney stone treatment

Urinary stone or kidney stones are formed when an excess content of minerals or salts are formed in the kidney taking a crystalline form. Most of the stones pass out through the urine without causing any discomfort to the individuals being very small ones. But certain large stones can only pass out of your body creating a painful condition in the urinary tract. For the passage of most of such large stones from our body, doctors intervention is necessary.

This disorder is commonly seen in middle-aged or older adult males, but many physicians now report that more children with this condition are found in recent years.

What causes the occurrence of urinary stones?

Urinary stone are normally formed when your kidney or bladder gets saturated with minerals. These minerals are formed when the urine passage is improper. The reduced drinking of water may cause dehydration in you, leading to the deposits of mineral and thereby their crystallization. Some are affected by this urinary stone disorder if they already do suffer from urinary infections. The bacterias causing infections may also create the solidification of salts, leading to urinary stones.
If some have a family history of having urinary stones, he can also be at the risk of the same, as their bodily metabolism will be prone to the crystallization of minerals in the urine. This disorder can also occur from the food habits that one follow. Intake of food containing increased amount of calcium oxalate may increase the chances of getting urinary stones.

What are the symptoms of urinary stones?

The small sized stones which can easily move through the urinary tract will easily pass out your body without causing any discomfort. But there are some large stones which are difficult or unable to pass through the urinary tract. The occurrence of such urinary stones can severe symptoms in you like;

  • Pain during urination
  • Pain and discomfort in penis for males
  • Pain in the lower stomach area
  • Starting of urine stream takes longer time
  • Cloudy appearance of urine
  • Presence of blood in urine
  • Frequent urge to urinate

How urinary stones can be treated?

Before treating the urinary stone problem, your doctor will subject you to some imaging techniques like; X-ray, CT scan etc. The urine test will also be conducted along with this. When once your doctor has confirmed the occurrence of urinary stones and its location in the body, he will turn to further treatment procedure. Different surgical procedures are adopted depending upon the position of the urinary stone. Surgical procedures like;

  • ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy) : ESWL uses shock waves to break the urinary stones making their easy passage through urine.
  • PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy) : PCNL includes a keyhole surgery with 1 cm incision to remove the kidney stone.
  • RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery) : RIRS is a surgical method for removing stone using an endoscope.
  • Laparoscopic stone removal : Laparoscopy is used to remove large and complicated stones through small incision (keyhole) to perform internal surgery.

Specialists’ Hospital provides you the best treatment for urinary stones in Kochi. We are committed to provide super speciality medical care to all sections of society at affordable rates.
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